Estimate installed size of pacman repository
Some time ago on #artix IRC channel popped up a question on how to get the installed size of all packages in given repository and I together with other people on the channel created a one liner in shell to do exactly that.
But before I have to mention that Pacman prints the “Installed size” value when we try to install packages. So one way is to try to install all packages but this can also include dependencies and may require some pacman magic which I am not aware of. I forgot to mention, this method may require root access or sudo privileges which is not good enough for me.
There was also one more brute-force idea which consisted of downloading of all packages and checking their uncompressed sizes and counting this value somehow.This is way too brutal.
The basic idea behind this script is based on the fact that pacman
prints the installed size value when we run
pacman -Si "package"and
as such it can be automated with bit of skill and luck.
$ pacman -Si pacman Repository : system Name : pacman Version : 5.2.2-1 Description : A library-based package manager with dependency support Architecture : x86_64 URL : https://www.archlinux.org/pacman/ Licenses : GPL Groups : base-devel Provides : libalpm.so=12-64 Depends On : bash glibc libarchive curl gpgme artix-mirrorlist artix-keyring archlinux-mirrorlist archlinux-keyring Optional Deps : perl-locale-gettext: translation support in makepkg-template Conflicts With : None Replaces : None Download Size : 838,79 KiB Installed Size : 4538,70 KiB Packager : Artix Build Bot <firstname.lastname@example.org> Build Date : Št 2. júl 2020, 00:28:07 Validated By : MD5 Sum SHA-256 Sum Signature
So all we need to do is get this information out of this output. This
can be done with few commands or some smart awk or whatever you are
good at using. The tricky part is to get the actual size because it
has different prefixes we need a bit smarter tool to count formatted
numfmt (this tool is truly great and I am happy it was
recommended to me after I use awk script which I stole from something
else) or some smart awk.
After adding a bit of counting magic and formating the result into
human readable format I thought “I am done” (how foolish of me).
During the creation of this script I did not realize i was working with my local locale and thus the number formatting was totally messed up and I reflected this mess with few sed replacements in the script which made a mess when run in universal locale
Well, I do not wish to write about every little change which I made and everything which was done, if you wish for a bit more detail you can only regret since you probably do not have logs from that channel.
So here is the final script, which is a bit of shell magic and I know that it can be improved, but it is good enough to run it from time to time and just for fun.
$ export LC_ALL=C && pacman -Sl system | cut -d" " -f2 | xargs pacman -Si | grep -i "installed size" | cut -d: -f2 | sed "s/\s//;s/ //;s/B//;s/i//" | numfmt --from=iec | paste -sd+ - | bc | numfmt --to=iec-i -- && export LC_ALL=
This script as it is written here will show the installed size of all packages in Artix system repository. It can be adapted to show some other package group or repository.
The result is nice and it works just fine, for me that is. As a bonus I learnt some nice utilities a way to use them, for me this was a win.
That is enough of my rumbling.